Allergy to pollen (pollinosis)
Pollen allergy is one of the most common allergies for children. During infancy, other common allergies are atopic dermatitis (skin allergies and allergies to cow’s milk protein). For children up to three years, asthma is the most common, while at the age of three and up pollen allergy is on the palate.
What are pollen allergies?
These allergies are the cause of plant flowering. Pollen allergies are inhalational allergies due to the fact that the pollen from the flowering is inhaled.
How do the symptoms manifest?
The most common symptoms are: nasal leakage, sneezing, coughing, breathing difficulties and inflammation of the envelope.
How to identify pollen allergies?
Pollen allergies occur in children who are otherwise prone to allergies. It is necessary to conduct a good anamneses, and also examine the family’s preference for allergic manifestations.
Pollen allergies occur at a certain time of the year, so the diagnosis of pollen allergy is not difficult. But in order to know with certainty what kind of pollen the patient is allergic to, it is necessary to do skin tests and possibly blood analysis.
When we know for sure what kind of a pollen allergy is present, treatment and prevention plans are much easier since we can time it to the flower bloom.
Prevention involves limiting contact with the pollen that the child is allergic to, while also taking medicine (usually an antihistamine at least 15 days before the expected blooming time).
Treatment of allergy is:
- a) long-term (it’s a chronic disease)
- b) there is no perfect medicine that will cure allergies (except in rare cases when treating allergies to bees or axial stings)
- c) in the treatment of allergies we use a wide range of drugs that the physician (pediatrician, allergist, dermatologist, pulmonologist) selects depending on the type of allergy to be treated
For adults allergies often become milder, although the tendency to develop allergic reactions remains (atopic constitution). It should also be said that allergies can also develop in the adult age.